Why the rise of "the deep reason of experiential training"
the rise of the experience type training, in addition to professional institutions vigorously promote this new way of learning, but also in the experiential training has a profound theoretical basis, and adapt to the new trend of internal demand and the group of modern work, study the organizational transformation.
1 experiential training fully reflects the constructivist teaching thought
a kind of learning method, has its profound teaching thought foundation. Constructivism is the further development of behaviorism and cognitivism. Constructivist teaching thought that: the learner is the subject of learning, effective learning needs from the point of view of the learner's interest, from solving practical problems, only in this way, can the learners have a motivation to learn. The teacher is not a one-way transmission of knowledge, its role is to provide a rich learning environment for learners, help and guide the learners to construct their own experience and guide the learners to learn from direct experience. The flow direction of constructivism teaching thought also encourage the teaching information, unidirectional flow not only from teachers to learners. Can see, construct the learning method advocated by constructivist teaching thought is learning under the guidance of teachers as the main body of learning.
2 experiential training directly from the experiential learning theory
Case Western Reserve University School of management (USA Vader rare of the college in 84 place in the "Financial Times" in 2004, the new hundred business school rankings) Professor of organizational behavior? Kolb (David Kolb 'in twentieth Century 80 early proposes experiential learning theory. He constructed a model of learning experience of — — experiential learning cycle: activity (experience): &rarr → &rarr → reflection; theory; application of → activity (experience), order cycle. He think: effective learning from experience begins, comment and reflection, and then, and then summarize the formation theory, finally apply theory to practice. This theory has become the core theory of many training modes and ways of learning, including experiential training. Experiential learning theory for the design and development of lifelong learning mode has a profound impact; at the same time, the enterprises to change into a learning organization also provides beneficial enlightenment. The West many managers think, this emphasis on doing “ ” experiential learning, can the learners to master knowledge, potential really play, is effective to improve the efficiency of the learning mode.
3 experiential training to make up for the shortcomings and deficiencies of the traditional teaching mode
experiential training in essence is a kind of training, but it with the traditional teaching mode has obvious difference in teaching idea, teaching mode and practice etc..
the traditional teaching mode based on behavior theory, and experiential training based on constructivist teaching thought: the traditional teaching emphasis on learning the knowledge of the past, but experience type training emphasizes instant feelings; traditional teaching pay attention to memory, experience and experiential training is fastidious about the learning subject of understanding; traditional teaching to accept the stylized knowledge oriented, experiential training in order to share to sum up experience, solve the problem; the traditional teaching knowledge, skill, experience type training focus on concept, attitude; traditional teaching with the teacher as the center, teachers in the teaching process in a dominating position, experience type training to learners as the center, training teachers play a guiding role; the traditional education emphasizes in the secondary school classroom knowledge, experiential training is emphasized in the specific learning situation through experience to learn.
two different teaching methods have different results. The traditional teaching of teaching “ ” does not necessarily lead to learn “ ”, more do not produce “ ”. In the experiential training, learners gain experience through specific scenarios in the activity, also to experience the fun of learning, effectively promoted the development of learners' advanced cognition. Visible, &ldquo in experiential training process, ” teaching; learning situation, is intended to provide information, games, for learners to create suitable for the study of external conditions and environment, and its role is to generate “ learning ”. “ ” refers to learners through learning, able to apply the learned knowledge and skills in a realistic environment, or to make the learner's behavior changes. Experiential training and ultimately to achieve this objective: all potential by changing the learner's attitudes and beliefs to opening of the learners, and let them be the potential applied to practical work, bring the best individual performance.
4 experiential training is an efficient approach to learning management knowledge and management art
compared with other disciplines, management professional learning shows three obvious characteristics: (1) pays great attention to interactive participatory learning, which is decided by the management of scientific and artistic characteristics; (2) attached great importance to cooperative learning. Management and communication are inseparable, management education and cooperative learning are inseparable; (3) pays great attention to the close combination of theory and practice.
experiential training team communication and communication, problem solving, the collective mutual experience and applying theory to practice yuan doubt reflects three characteristics of management professional learning. In order to achieve management professional learning objective, the experience type training courses are aimed at the needs of enterprises, design meticulously according to enterprise's internal problems. It integrates the essence of the theory of enterprise management, and it cleverly into the implementation process of each project, let the learner understand, in the happy experience to test and improve management skills. Experiential training has created a new learning environment for the learners, learning management theory has been fully applied in the simulation of the scene in reality; at the same time, through the training division of the guide, learners also continue to integrate their knowledge, and quickly transformed into action. Although there is no direct training for learners to instill knowledge, but caused by training the mind feeling but let them greatly.
5 experiential training effectively cultivate a positive team spirit
modern enterprise in learning, efforts to shape the enterprise into a learning organization at the same time, more and more depend on the outstanding performance of the work team performance. Experiential training project is generally done in teams. It is through various activities designed carefully, so that team members in the implementation of &ldquo to solve the problem, challenge and response interaction process, smelting team; excitation potential, the purpose of &rdquo. Therefore, experiential training for the cultivation of learners' team spirit and cooperation consciousness, to improve interpersonal relationship, to form a positive organizational climate and improve the communication and the exchange of information within the organization are big Zen yi.